PHASE 4 – DESIGN

Finished-coasters

INTRODUCTION


The main objective of [RE]Art Alicante is to encourage cultural growth and at the same time to promote environmental education for the children and citizens inhabiting the Noun Alacant neighborhood. This is going to be achieved by creating workshops, using the existing unused space on the roundabout, where plastic materials, furniture, paper and cardboard will be turned into “recycled art”.
The project is not only focused on the art recycling, but is also aims at transforming the “static” image that we have in our minds about the roundabouts.

DESIGN OBJECTIVES


Nou Alacant is a neighborhood that does not have any specific characteristics at all, so creating identity is going to be difficult task but not impossible. To build one, our main goal is going to be creating small interventions that will teach people how to transform the existing empty space and identifying it as their own. With their creativity and artistic skills obtained in the workshops, the transformation of the roundabout made from them for them and the rest of the city, will become a new representative image for the neighborhood. Also by fostering the participation of residents and visitors in the shaping of their environment, we are allowing them to leave their mark and presence on the area and making that place their own.

Being an art expository intervention in a roundabout, which contains different types of workshops, but situated in a place that is separating the different agents, the structure and the distribution of the project has to respond to a issues related mostly with the better visual connection between the art presented and the agents passing around the roundabout.

In other hand, we cannot alter the visual connection between the agents using the roundabout like cars, bus and TRAM.

LOOKING FOR THE DESIGN ELEMENT


STRATEGIES – SUN & SHADOWS 

0.0 THE SUN FACTOR

The first and most basic strategy is going to be the protection from the strong sun that we have here in Alicante during most time of the year. As the roundabout is situated in the middle of an open air area where the surrounding buildings have such distribution that don’t provide enough shadows, we have to think for an solution for the welfare of the children and adults that are going to assist the different workshops, that take place inside the roundabout.
0.1 SUN PATH
A basic study of the sun trajectory in the longest day of the year was made, considering the hottest range during the day, to be between 12 pm and 17 pm. Knowing the approximate position of the sun in this period will further on give us an idea how to distribute and orientate in a more accurate way the different work areas.
The workspaces were defined in the previous Phase 3b, but to refresh your mind, it is basically a portion of the whole roundabout where the workshops take place.

ORIGINAL - WORK AREA

SUN DIRECTIONONS DURING THE HOTTEST PART OF THE DAY

Model

As a conclusion, the optimum position and distribution that we should search for is locating the elements forming the container for the different workshops in a more or less perpendicular way facing the sunbeams trough these hottest hours of the day and with this offer well-conditioned workspace for the different agents that are going to participate.
 

STRATEGIES – VISUAL INTERACTION AND ART EXPOSITORY

The main purpose of the project is the transformation of the recycled materials into art. With the art, transform the image of the urban space and increment the environmental education for the children and adults living in Nou Alacant neighborhood.Therefore is necessary to represent its appearance in the most artistic way possible. Art is going to be created, promoted and exposed in one single place, and this place has to respond to the needs of each of the agents involved.
0.A - AGENTS INVOLVED
Being originally a tool for the fluidity of the traffic flow, we can’t forget this factor. Agents like the cars, the bus and the TRAM, are constantly interacting and using this “tool”, and we have to preserve its qualities for the proper working of the roundabout.
But in the same way we have to connect this place to the rest of the neighborhood and its habitants. To achieve that, we are inviting the local residents to assist in the different workshops, and transform that invisible empty space. By letting them to adapt and transform this place, by freely expressing themselves in a creative and artistic way, we are going to give a completely new image to the urban space which will become the representative image for the neighborhood.

ANALYSING THE BETTER COMMUNICATION FOR THE ART
VISUALES - sin

FACTORS INVOLVED IN THE ART VISUALISING ANALYSIS

0.A - FACTORS

0.A - S DYNAMIC AGENTS

0.A - STATIC AGENTS

After this basic analysis, we can start shaping our main elements forming the workshop spaces, which are an expository panel system already commented on previous phases.

STRATEGIES – SHAPING THE PANEL

The panel system has to respond to the following needs:

– It has to be made from or incorporate the art that is going to be created in the workshops
– It has to be accessible for all the participants to expose their artefacts by incorporating it into the panel system, and enable the easy access especially for the children.
– It has to easily communicate the art exposed to the outside world
– It has to be visually attractive – we are in an urban area and we are dealing with recyclable garbage materials after all. The uncontrolled junction of those, can lead to unpleasant visual effect in the people’s eyes.

In other hand it has to:
protect the participants from the hot sun and from the passing by TRAM, cars and buses.
be permeable, giving enough visual range for the agents using the roundabout as cars, bus, Tram, for the proper working of this traffic instrument.

In this first approach a light wooden structure formed by 18 panels is emerging from the fountain as a watter splash. The idea of an abstract fountain was already comente in Phase 3b. The panels can be placed step by step individually by one or two people and after that the art is going to be merged as it is being produced.
This initial shape is working well for the solar protection and its offering good visual communication, but it is bearly accessible for the participants to interract with the placement of the artefacts created.
FIRST APPROACH
In the second approach bending is applied to the structure lowering it down, giving more surffice for interaction by the children and adults, and in the same time is saving the previous qualities mentioned. The idea sort of acceptable, but very simple so far. It is not producing any spetial visual attraction or interest, because of its conventional look of an simple shading device for publuc urban areas. We have to create a stronger image for more impacting and attractive visual results.
SECOND APPROACH
Yet not getting that characteristic identity and impacting image that easily can be memorized, and therefore remembered as a single abstraction of the whole image, we decided to use reference used for the creation of the recycling symbol in the early 70’s designed by Gary Anderson, as we are dealing with recycling but in an artistic way after all.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recycling_symbol

The symbol was inspired from the Mobius strip – an unending single-sided looped surface, and was associated with the representation of the infinite recycling cycle of the materials.
Mobius_band Mobius2 MobiusJoshDif

The Mobius strip is also often used in art sculptures, jewelry, urban installations and even architecture proposals. Using the Mobius strip overall shape we get to the final geometry desired that is responding perfectly to the needs described earlier.

OTHER REFERENCES FOR THE USE OF MOBIUS STRIP

Mobius Strip use

EVEN LOGO DESIGN

LOGOS MOBIUS STRIP

 

ADAPTING THE SHAPE TO OUR NEEDS

FINAL APPROACH
SUN + SHADOWS
NOISE REDUCTION
With this particular final shape of the panel, we are also achieving three different levels of visual comunication for the artefacts for three different scales and angles of visual perception:

Human scale
In this scale we are grouping all the dynamic agents mentioned earlier, as they have more or less the same view hight – a person standing on foot. One third of the panel is facing directly to those agents supplying them with the optimum 90º angle to visualize the artefacts.
level 1

Urban scale
The urban scale is ment for the surrounding buildings that we have – mainly two residential blocks and the more important one is the General University Hospital (this one is receiving constantly people from other neigborhoods of Alicante for one or another reason). Second portion of the panel is facing in more appropiate angle easing the perception of the artefacts.
level 2

World scale
Las but not least, the world scale is like more abstract and daring strategy, and it is reffering to sky scale views or as we are in the digital era – google earth, maps or any othe world visualisation program.
range 3

 

VISUAL ATRACTION AND DESIGN ELEMENTS


Curiosity inside people is emerging every time when they see, touch, hear or any of the five common senses are interacting in some form with them. To produce that curiosity we are going to play the most with the sight sense, creating an impacting image that instantly catches your eye and to achieve that we have to play with the geometry, the shape, the appearance itself – it is your first visual contact with any object.
To potentiate this appearance for even larger distances, we are playing with the different colors that the recyclable materials have. There are no predetermined colors, because of the variety of those materials. To create a stronger image we have to use striking colors, depending on the effect desired.

We are going to merge the art works created in the workshops with the existing structure, and so in a more or less stylish way the junkart is going to be translated onto the additional wooden light structure with modular panel system.

The transformation proposed in the current project will create a totally new image of the existing roundabout, made from the citizens living in the district of Nou Alacant and will turn it into an emblematic symbol – a point for Art Recycling.

DESIGN ELEMENTS AND VARIATIONS

BASE PANEL – NO INTERACTION
1. BASE PANEL

 

PANEL WITH RANDOMLY POSITIONED PLASTIC CAPS
1. KAPACHKI PANEL

 

PANEL WITH REGULAR PATTERN OF ALUMINIUM CANS (COULD BE PAINTED FORMING SOME KIND OF IMAGE)
2. CANS PANEL

 

PANEL WITH REGULAR PATTERN OF PLASTIC BOTTLES, WITH RANDOM PATTERN OF PLASTIC CAPS
3. BOTTLE PANEL

 

PLASTIC BOTTLE GARDEN PANEL
4. FLORES PANEL
Of course art is not measurable, it can’t be pre-defined and the possibilities are infinite as humans are not identic, so the proposed examples are just short and basic reel of what can be done, and we’ll let the real artists, the artists of Nou Alacant, to show us their creativity and artistic skills developed in the different workshops proposed in previous phases.
One final strategy for the ending of each workshop (every two months), is going to be the conservation of one panel which will be used as some sort of wall of fame honoring the best artists for their great artworks. This way we are promoting even more the intervention stimulating the people and encouraging them to come and participate and hopefully turn into the next [RE]Art Alicante winner.
5. CARAS PANEL

STRATEGIES – REDUCE WASTE BY PROMOTING RECYCLING THROUGH INICIATIVES

We are facing a socio-cultural problem. The evolution of the environmental culture is a slow process and it’s very important for the new generations to be raised with the right attitude of respect towards the environmental space and the world surrounding us.
This way with our workshops, we are no longer focused only on giving new image to the zone, but also raising awareness and promoting environmental education by teaching the new generations to respect the world they live in and have higher appreciation for everything that surrounds them.

 

FINAL DESIGN


The construction steps were defined in previous phases, and they consist in the placement of the nine art pannels.

FLOOR PLAN
PLANTA

SECTION A
SECC LONG

SECTION B
SECC TRANS

RESPONSE TO THE INITIAL ANALYSIS
VISUALES

 

POSSIBLE FINAL IMAGES


47
48
51
50
49
53
54
55

 

WORKING MODEL


 

UnderConsruct01

 

REFERENCES


 

http://inhabitat.com/temporary-story-tower-made-with-recycled-materials-offers-free-book-exchange-in-latvia/rtu-summer-school-rrecycled-book-exchange-story-tower-4/?extend=1

 http://junkitechture.com/2013/08/16/fau-unt-domo-sustentable/

 http://www.archivitamins.com/rising-moon-daydreamers/

 http://junkitechture.com/2013/07/02/the-cola-bow/

 http://junkitechture.com/2013/12/11/tech-o-gami-y-bolsas-de-plastico/

 http://www.archdaily.com/85278/

 

 

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FORMAT 2/3 – A

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