The main point of the whole project is to build an OPEN MASTERPLAN of Anyang (South Korea). Based on subjective urban studies in which the population, such as future users, are involved during the whole development, not only in its design but in the management, too. During three months, Raumlabor developed a workshop, were they built the houses including its furnishings, stencils and children’s stools, opened for students and volunteers. Raumlabor experiend, which is included inside Anyang Public Art Project (APAP2010), is divided in three projects: openHOUSE (urban prototype for encouraging public use in public spaces of Anyang), openMASTERPLAN (a research based mapping and documentation tool), and openPROGRAM (a 3 month intensive festival for APAP2010).
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE CONTEXT
Anyang is located south east, 21 km distance from Seul, the capital of South Korea, with a population number of approximately 630.000 inhabitants. It has been increasing the number of workers living there from Seoul due to its close proximity, two subway line are available to reach Seoul.
SOCIAL DEMOGRAPHIC CONTEXT
In the 1977 Anyang was one of the cities affected by Korea’s war. Ten years after it ended, the cities was still largely rural and its landscape agricultural. Due to this fact, a great among of the towns and cities of South Korea have been developing a tremedous urban growth during the past few decades. Today, the conglomerated city of Anyang is among the most populous int the country. The good quality of the Anyang surroundig forest and mountains, plus its proximity, could be the cause why this city is becoming a suburban area of Seoul.
The population of Anyang today is 611.412, with a density of 10.458 people/km2, an important decreasing of the population has been taking over in the last ten years. As we can see in PIC.1 the nation’s birth rate is one of the lowest in the world, and even their country is reaching to a developing nation level, the global current economic crisis has ended their recent bubble like real estate condition. The city council appointed 29 different áreas of new urban planning structure, in which lives 160.499 inhabitants, that’s more than a quarter citizens of the city.
Korean cities are undergoing constant change, it is a process that performs a complete demolition of the past in order to achieve better existence. The result is a fragmented and homogenized urban panorama that results in a large city full of tall buildings in all very similar. Hence Anyang City Hall has decided to demolish large areas of the city with the aim of achieving a city adapted to the new times.
¿WHAT’S APAP 2010?
Thus 2010 APAP (Anyang Public Art Project) was founded as a public event that has been organized by the city of Anyang to change the paradigm of the city. Since 2005 will be held the first edition, have been developed inside and outside the art experiments and works related to cultural city. Throughout the three editions, and for eight years has been presented, supported and given the diversity of contemporary art, and the cultural and social commitment.
The urban project in question is divided into three different areas. New Community, Open Nomadic city and each of these three branches has a different goal. New community is located in Hakwoon Park, and its main function is to be the hub of all projects carried out in 2010 APAP. Therefore, 4 temporary structures that were used to carry out facilities were built and outdoor events.
Open city was created to generate social and cultural capital, this project will work with citizens, associations, educational institutions, commercial organizations and other social, cultural or economic groups. These groups in order to imagine a city Open, open, participatory and progressive city will meet. For better participation and empowerment of citizens and their nearest urban environment. Open city works as part of Collective Creative and Changing.
Nomad projects come with the intention of bringing APAP 2010 citizens of Anyang, consist of small interventions that are held throughout the city.
Nomad projects come with the intention of bringing APAP 2010 citizens of Anyang, consist of small interventions that are conducted throughout the ciudad.ANYANG SKYSCRAPER suggests a vast community of musicians together to create an artistic unity effort to show how common can create unique and amazing rewards. The idea of this public art has the power to survive, rejuvenate, improve and sustain the common spirit. They consider it the duty of the artist to understand the urban landscape and the people who inhabit it, this understanding is a process that must happen within the community. Thus ANYANG SKYSCRAPER suggest a link between the most influential musicians of Anyang to represent the best possible musical style, class, gender, tradition for transmitting this new concept of “community” as it reflects a new musical diversity.
A mobile facility inflablable Raumlaborberlin and designed by an artist of the third edition APAP 2010, BangBang is a nomadic concept of public space where several programs take place APAP 2010, workshops, concerts, movies, lectures, conferences, local meetings, performances that conducted in different communities. It can be inflated in two sizes, and can accommodate up to 120 people seated or at least 60. Since the second lecture given in October 2009 BangBang has led APAP acted as a bridge between the city, residents and schools.
The project relates to the cycling, mobility and micro transportation system, Giacomo focused on connecting and uniting local communities with the APAP project. Bicycles mutate with specific additions in its structure as a plug-in device, transportation, attraction, depending on the location in the city, and the type of function the unit carries. Particularly, microadiciones or plug-in devices can be left to create micro public spaces and interventions around the city. In this case the additions can be developed in collaboration with other artists who are APAP locking in similar projects. The goal is to link individual local spaces such as markets, schools and from one neighborhood to another.
3. WHAT IS OPEN HOUSE?
OPEN HOUSE is a project for the creation of new activities, where a building height is created by superimposing different uses with the aim of improving an area in decline. Raumlabor traveled to Anyang in order to better understand the area and its citizens.
These spaces 20 disposed vertically, connected by stairs part of one of the four hubs of APAP . Design is intended to reflect the wishes of the citizens and their needs , a place where everyone can go to talk and be heard . A different public space built as a vertical city where maximum essence is pure union of different elements that happen in one place. The construction of this structure is based on a subjective development in collaboration with area citizens , taking an unexpected result. This development was conducted through a workshop , the actual construction of the same is carried out so that everyone involved . The spaces were built “in situ” by the user .
PROCESS OF CREATION
Before any construction Raumlabor moved to the area and followed the steps of the target APAP. He created a workshop ” Urban detective” , where participants are encouraged to walk the streets near the park , take photos and then make a pooling .
Was developed in two days, the first participants were divided into three teams and were sent to the surrounding park Hakwon , each group was to observe and analyze a different part of the city and share your opinions with other teams . All this had to be recorded and labeled. Later pooling of all material collected would . The second day with the information collected was carried out map, each group was assigned a person who was dedicated to draw the path , a photographer and another to take notes so they would dig deeper into the research and the map was subjectively out was made through the series of data collected .
Three key points of this phase, which was crucial to the creation of the structure.
1 Remarks : . During this phase , each participant had to point your route on paper, take pictures of everything that will call attention, individual or landscape view , even things not atrayeran them or thought to be eliminated . In short everything that they believed to be responsible for quoting and questioned. They made observations of the physical environment , the people who were finding their personal opinions and the spaces they inhabited. Each team also analyzed observations that had meaning to urban areas and connecting with other people’s opinions .
2 Mapping Group . During the second day , all groups gathered at the Open School and all stored information is compiled and created the day before. So a map together of the experiences was created. Created maps were superimposed on the existing order to compare factors that were the most attractive and which caused the negative points of the investigation were .
3 Design . Each team was assigned the task of creating a design proposal on how the area could be improved to become a better space for urban citizens.
¿HOW IT WAS BUILT?
Once developed this workshop and the results obtained, following the philosophy of the organization was set up another workshop this time to build a new vertical structure to house uses.
The actual construction of the structure was conducted by Raumlabor, but the process again opened to the public to create a participatory process and the idea that Open House is not all stay in the air. So first created a workshop where anyone could register, but along the way many expectant people came to see what was happening and joined the construction process. Raumlabor Thus did the job of involving all citizens in the development of new urban space.
Accounted for about 10 teens decided to participate, including any repeated, a group of 6 people and international interdisciplinary he went repeatedly, even families were approached to participate.
¿WHAT IS ITS PROGRAM?
The programmatic diversity presented, preceded by the research developed in the workshop and explained previously led the project participate in developing a series of rooms, including activities where capsules would involve improving the focused area.
Thus, all 20 rooms in the public domain where it was a kiosk, a bar, a business center, a room for children to play a recycling workshop, exhibition hall and you were created. A greenhouse was constructed on the ground floor where farm community settled and fruits and vegetables were planted. Each room has an aspect that defines the conditions of the people who created the Open House, also contains an important aspect that is a temporary-permanent “building” where self-learning and is continually learning.
Axonometry of the project
The interesting thing about this program is not only the proper disposition of the rooms, but the diversity that is created seems to have created a micro city in a public space. A representation of each of the social strata leads here, the new building seamlessly blends the program to create a continuous flow of people of different ages and creeds making a unique and enriching experience.
¿WHY DID IT MEANT A GOOD ACHIEVEMENT TO THE CITY?
MEDIA & ADVERTISEMENT FOR THE CITY:
The opening of this structure has brought a new look to the traditional Korean city. Following the new organization has ensured that APAP is people from the world of architecture interested in this project that unifies urban space with micro actions with citizens. There are many publications that have echoed this project interesting.
NEW LANDMARK OF THE CITY:
By its form and uses Open House has become a landmark for the city since it can be spotted from the street and make their own way because the experience of visiting the city not only horizontal. Besides its strong participatory initiative calls for many people daily which creates a very beneficial social and urban area flow.
OPEN VEGETABLES GARDEN:
Open vegetable Garden is a collaboration between the artist Marjetica Potrc, citizens and 5 students from Seoul. The project focuses on growing vegetables, to raise awareness about the responsible use of water and the importance of food systems relocate to rebuild an independent city in the area of food. Water covers room and later used to irrigate is collected. This is a success because it connects the public space, with food habits, with citizens and their organizations. For example, some students grow rice, which is later used in the school dining hall itself.
This organization was created to improve Anyang urban health, the organization behind it is the city council.
raumlaborberlin began working on the issues of contemporary architecture and urbanism in 1999. in various interdisciplinary working teams, we investigate strategies for urban renewal. raumlabor does urban design, architectural design, build, interactive environments, research.
This project main goal is having created a network between professionals and citizens.
It has been able to bring together very different people in the same space, in a society like Korea with a powerful hierarchy. Families, students , grandparents , business people met in the same space to create their own public space. Besides daily congregate there to carry out the various activities taking place .
Note that the materials used have either been reused or earned so that they have easy recycling . Besides in the greenhouse the water collected from the rain is used, and attempts to instill in participants the most efficient way to reuse
Throughout the entire project has managed to involve different levels of artists , musicians , architects creating a footprint culturally important , because as the uses are mixed , the disciplines also .
The city is the one that has taken over all the financial situation , as part of its urban plan for improving the city.